Selasa, 01 Januari 2013

cardinal and ordinal number

Definition: A number that indicates position or order in relation to other numbers: first, second, third, and so on.

Examples and Observations:

  • All ordinal numbers carry a suffix: -nd, -rd, -st, or -th.
    first (1st)
    second (2nd)
    third (3rd)
    fourth (4th)
    fifth (5th)
    sixth (6th)
    seventh (7th)
    eighth (8th)
    ninth (9th)
    tenth (10th)
    eleventh (11th)
    twelfth (12th)
    twentieth (20th)
    twenty-first (21st)
    twenty-second (22nd)
    twenty-third (23rd)
    twenty-fourth (24th)
    thirtieth (30th)
    one hundredth (100th)
    one thousandth (1,000th)
    one millionth (1,000,000th)
    one billionth (1,000,000,000th)

  • "Do not use the ordinal (th, st, rd, nd) form of numbers when writing the complete date: January 15 is the date for the examination. However, you may use the ordinal suffixes if you use only the day: The 15th is the date for the examination. . . .

    "Write out ordinal numbers when they contain just one word: third prize, tenth in line, sixtieth anniversary, fifteenth birthday. Use numerals for the others: the 52nd state, the 21st Amendment."
    (Val Dumond, Grammar for Grownups. HarperCollins, 1993)

  • "When a cardinal number and an ordinal number modify the same noun, the ordinal number always precedes the cardinal number:
    The first two operations were the most difficult to watch.

    The second three innings were quite dull.
    In the first example, the ordinal number first precedes the cardinal number two. Both first and two are determiners. In the second example, the ordinal number second precedes the cardinal number three. Both second and three are determiners. Try reading the sentences with the ordinal and cardinal numbers reversed. They simply sound wrong."
    (Michael Strumpf and Auriel Douglas, The Grammar Bible. Owl Books, 2004)

Bilangan pokok(Asli) dalam bahasa inggris dikenal dengan istilah Cardinal Number.
Inilah contoh Cardinal Number dalam bahasa inggris :
0 = Zero
1 = One
2 = Two
3 = Three
4 = Four
5 = Five
6 = Six
7 = Seven
8 = Eight
9 = Nine
10 = Ten
11 = Eleven
12 = Twelve
13 = Thirteen
14 = Fourteen
15 = Fifteen
16 = Sixteen
17 = Seventeen
18 = Eighteen
19 = Nineteen
20 = Twenty
30 = Thirty
60 = Sixty
100 = One Hundred
101 = One Hundred and One
1000 = One Thousand
1 + 3 = 4 (One Plus three equals four)
7 – 6 = 1 (Seven minus six equals one)
3 x 5 = 15 (Three times five equals fifteen)
20 : 4 = 5 (twenty is devided by four equals five)
Semoga Bermanfaat
Materi Selanjutnya adalah Belajar Ordinal Number

Incoming search terms:


Table of Ordinal Numbers

Ordinal Numbers from 1 through 1,000,000
1stfirst 11theleventh 21sttwenty-first 31stthirty-first
2ndsecond 12thtwelfth 22ndtwenty-second 40thfortieth
3rdthird 13ththirteenth 23rdtwenty-third 50thfiftieth
4thfourth 14thfourteenth 24thtwenty-fourth 60thsixtieth
5thfifth 15thfifteenth 25thtwenty-fifth 70thseventieth
6thsixth 16thsixteenth 26thtwenty-sixth 80theightieth
7thseventh 17thseventeenth 27thtwenty-seventh 90thninetieth
8theighth 18theighteenth 28thtwenty-eighth 100thone hundredth
9thninth 19thnineteenth 29thtwenty-ninth 1,000thone thousandth
10thtenth 20thtwentieth 30ththirtieth 1,000,000thone millionth


Spelling of Ordinal Numbers

Just add th to the cardinal number:
  • four - fourth
  • eleven - eleventh
  • one - first
  • two - second
  • three - third
  • five - fifth
  • eight - eighth
  • nine - ninth
  • twelve - twelfth
In compound ordinal numbers, note that only the last figure is written as an ordinal number:
  • 421st = four hundred and twenty-first
  • 5,111th = five thousand, one hundred and eleventh


When expressed as figures, the last two letters of the written word are added to the ordinal number:
  • first = 1st
  • second = 2nd
  • third = 3rd
  • fourth = 4th
  • twenty-sixth = 26th
  • hundred and first = 101st